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The Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984
PUBLIC LAW 98-373 - July 31,1984; amended as
To provide for a comprehensive national policy dealing with national research needs and objectives in the Arctic, for a National Critical Materials Council, for development of a continuing and comprehensive national materials policy, for programs necessary to carry out that policy, including Federal programs of advanced materials research and technology, and for innovation in basic materials industries, and for other purposes.
This title may be cited as the "Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984, as amended".
SECTION 102. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES
(a) The Congress finds and declares that-
(b) The purposes of this title are-
SECTION 103. ARCTIC RESEARCH COMMISSION
(a) The President shall establish an Arctic Research Commission (hereinafter referred to as the "Commission").
SECTION 104: DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION
(a) The Commission shall-
(b) Not later than January 31 of each year, the Commission shall submit to the President and to the Congress a report describing the activities and accomplishments of the Commission during the immediately preceding fiscal year.
SECTION 105: COOPERATION WITH THE COMMISSION
(b) With the consent of the appropriate agency head, the Commission may utilize the facilities and services of any Federal agency to the extent that the facilities and services are needed for the establishment and development of an Arctic research policy, upon reimbursement to be agreed upon by the Commission and the agency head and taking every feasible step to avoid duplication of effort.
(c) All Federal agencies shall consult with the Commission before undertaking major Federal actions relating to Arctic research.
SECTION 106: ADMINISTRATION OF THE COMMISSION
The Commission may-
SECTION 107: LEAD AGENCY AND INTERAGENCY ARCTIC RESEARCH POLICY COMMITTEE
(a) The National Science Foundation is designated as the lead agency responsible for implementing Arctic research policy, and the Director of the National Science Foundation shall insure that the requirements of section 108 are fulfilled.
SECTION 108: DUTIES OF THE INTERAGENCY COMMITTEE
(a) The Interagency Committee shall-
(b) Not later than January 31, 1986, and biennially thereafter, the Interagency Committee shall submit to the Congress through the President, a brief, concise report containing-
SECTION 109: 5-YEAR ARCTIC RESEARCH PLAN
(a) The Interagency Committee, in consultation with the Commission, the Governor of the State of Alaska, the residents of the Arctic, the private sector, and public interest groups, shall prepare a comprehensive 5-year program plan (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan") for the overall Federal effort in Arctic research. The Plan shall be prepared and submitted to the President for transmittal to the Congress within one year after the enactment of this Act and shall be revised biennially thereafter.
(b) The Plan shall contain but need not be limited to the following elements:
SECTION 110: COORDINATION AND REVIEW OF BUDGET REQUESTS
(a) The Office of Science and Technology Policy shall-
SECTION 111: AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS; NEW SPENDING AUTHORITY
(a) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for carrying out this title.
(b) Any new spending authority (within the meaning of section 401 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974) which is provided under this title shall be effective for any fiscal year only to such extent or in such amounts as may be provided in appropriation Acts.
SECTION 112: DEFINITION
As used in this title, the term "Arctic" means all United States and foreign territory north of the Arctic Circle and all United States territory north and west of the boundary formed by the Porcupine, Yukon, and Kuskokwim Rivers; all contiguous seas, including the Arctic Ocean and the Beaufort, Bering and Chukchi Seas; and the Aleutian chain.
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